Main Article Content
English education was introduced by the British with the twin purpose of impressing upon the natives the value of western thought and of preparing them for taking up jobs to assist in the administration of the country. The first protÃ©gÃ©s were Hindus and there developed a Hindu middle class which began to demand concessions from the government without offering subservience in return.Â The British then began to encourage the Muslims to adopt English education in order to develop a counterpoise to Hindu middle class assertiveness. But among both communities English education was strictly an upper class affair in which the lower castes had no role.Written primarily for an Indian audience, the author hopes that this article will also be useful to Pakistani scholars and students of colonial history.
Refereed Articles (Humanities)
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
- All works Published in Pakistaniaat are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 United States License.